Saturday, June 15, 2019

Machiavelli's Understanding of Virtue Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Machiavellis Understanding of Virtue - Essay ExampleIn his playact The Prince, Machiavelli argues that he has authored something of practical value for anyone who understands it, and it will appear that he strives for practical utility rather than abstract or religious notions of goodness or virtue.3 Although impost and religion equated effective rule by a swayer with upright behaviour and virtue, requiring a prescript to be a good Christian, Machiavelli goes forth to suggest boldly that any ruler who took such advice was staring at ruin. In Machiavellis opinion, it is far more important for any ruler to save the evince than to worry about vices. Thus, according to Machiavelli, a ruler or a prince should only appear to possess conventional virtues such as liberality, mercy, trustworthiness, and piety.4 Machiavelli posits that it is potential that the bulk will take for granted generosity in a ruler and then proceed to demand generosity. Thus, it is best to avoid generosity bec ause this virtue is likely to force a ruler to burden the people with taxes to make the ruler unpopular.5 Machiavelli argues against the bad use of mercy by a ruler because it is impossible to preserve a people united and prepared for action towards progress without a fear of the ruler.6 In Machiavellis opinion, it does not make sense for a sagacious ruler to keep his word if the consequences of this were to cause the ruler harm because all manpower are wicked and self-interested creatures who do similarly.7 Thus, Machiavelli argues only for appearances of virtues in a ruler because such appearances serve best, but in reality, a ruler must do that which benefits the ruler most.8 In all his arguments presented in his work The Prince, Machiavelli maintains a focalization on the growth of the state, with a ruler or prince having a need for recognising that states grow, or they may end. Thus, although Machiavelli does not dismiss Christian virtues, recognising their appeal and prest ige, he urges the ruler to adopt a proper use of traditional virtues. According to Machiavelli, if times are peaceful and all men virtuous, a ruler can put up with the luxury of moral practice, but a ruler should be prepared to cultivate an appearance of virtue while exercising its opposite to ensure that the state will remain secure. Machiavelli maintains in The Prince his stance that a prince or a ruler, especially a new ruler, cannot maintain all things good and virtuous because of a need for maintaining the state by acting against faith, charity, humanity and religion when the situation demands this.9 Thus, it will appear that according to Machiavelli, practical utility and success are far more important than any loyalty to notions of virtue or good. In his work The Prince, Machiavelli observes that the remarkable deeds of Hannibal, involving a tortuous logistical movement of men and elephants over tall and virtually impassable mountains, was cruel but practically necessary for success, and this is what he expects from his prince.10 Machiavelli

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